At Gainsborough we follow the ‘Letters and Sounds’ document to teach Phonics.
The children enjoy a multi-sensory, exciting approach to Phonics which ensures rapid progression and develops the essential skills of segmenting and blending which are crucial to reading and writing.
Phonics is taught daily for twenty minutes throughout Foundation Stage and Key Stage One. Children’s progress is closely monitored and the groupings for each phase are flexible. (An outline of what is taught at each phase can be found in the Phonics Overview Document.)
The children are formally assessed on their ability to decode (sound out) real and nonsense words at the end of year one. Please see attached leaflet for more information on the Phonics screening test.
Check out our videos and click on the link to play some phonics games.
Phonics continues daily for some children in Key Stage Two who require additional support.
Please see attached information to help you support your child with phonics at home.
If you require any more information about Phonics please feel free to speak to us.
At Gainsborough we value phonics as a key life skill and understand its importance for academic success. We aim to create a love for reading, writing and spelling through the consistent approach of phonics teaching. We strive to teach children to read effectively and quickly, using the Letters and Sounds programme which includes teaching synthetic phonics, sight vocabulary, decoding and encoding words as well as spelling and accurate letter formation. We believe that teaching children to read and write independently, as quickly as possible, is essential. These fundamental skills not only underpin the rest of the curriculum but also have a huge impact on children’s self-esteem and future life chances.
Using the Letters and Sounds programme we teach children to:
- Write clearly, accurately and coherently
Children are introduced to phonics teaching from Nursery where they are taught phase 1 of Letters and Sounds before moving on to looking at phoneme/grapheme correspondents.
In phase two of the programme, children are introduced to 23 new phonemes. During this phase the children learn to recognise, form and use these sounds in simple consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words to begin to write simple words and captions. Once they have mastered this skill, they start to read stories and texts that have words made up of the sounds they know. This means that they can embed and apply their phonic knowledge and start to build their reading fluency. Once secure, the children move on to the next phase where they will learn new sounds, improve their reading fluency and develop a greater writing ability. Throughout this process there is a focus on comprehension, reading with expression and reading for enjoyment.
Phonics is delivered daily as an explicit lesson in EYFS and KS1. Ongoing assessment for learning means that pupils’ needs are met and therefore groupings across the school are fluid.
To ensure consistency throughout the school ALL staff at Gainsborough follow a clear 4-part systematic phonics lesson structure where pupils revisit prior learning, are taught new graphemes/phonemes, practise together and apply what they have learnt.
Through the teaching of systematic phonics, our aim is for all children to become fluent and competent readers by the end of key stage one. Formal assessments are made half termly through a bespoke phased tracking document. Within the EYFS, we aim for the children to be `Year 1 ready’ with the expectation that most children are working within Phase 4 by the end of EYFS.
Attainment in phonics is measured by the National Phonics Screening Test at the end of year one.